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The Mosquito Borne Disease Threat

The Mosquito Borne Disease Threat

Mosquitoes are the deadliest creatures on the planet. Mosquito-borne diseases such as ZIKA, Dengue, Yellow fever, Malaria and Chikungunya plague half the world’s population with severe annual consequences to human health, a great economic burden and high mortality. Ongoing efforts by governments, The World Health Organization (WHO) and other organizations such as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, provide temporary local relief at best, and are currently unable to counter the surge and reemergence of these diseases.

 

 

 

In addition to transmitting diseases that afflict humans, mosquitoes also transmit a number of diseases and parasites of dogs and horses.

The major effort to eliminating or controlling mosquito borne pathogens is directed at three areas:

1. Developing solutions directed at humans – vaccines for the various mosquito borne diseases
2. Developing solutions targeted at the disease pathogens
3. Developing solutions targeted at the disease vectors: the mosquitoes

WHO experts have stated that; "global eradication of malaria cannot be achieved with existing tools" Similarly, a WHO Special Program for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (WHO-TDR)-sponsored dengue scientific working group acknowledged that, "we are collectively failing to meet the threat posed by dengue as the disease spreads unabated and almost 40% of the world's population now live at risk of contracting it".

WHO has acknowledged that, "innovative vector control tools are badly needed," and in particular that, "methods that improve the ability to deliver persistent treatments more rapidly and efficiently into large urban communities in a sustained way are urgently needed" (WHO report, 2012).

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